Frederic Chopin is probably the single most influential composer for the piano who ever lived. The Polish composer, who lived near Warsaw for most of his life and died in Paris, popularized the mazurka, but also innovated the sonata, prelude and waltz. If you hear a piece of dramatic piano music in a movie or television show today, you can guess it's probably by Chopin (if it's not by French composer, Satie). In his short life--he only lived to the age of 39, Chopin accomplished a great deal.
Very different from the overtone singing we usually think of when we hear "throat singing", this style of indigenous music focuses more on the give-and-take between two singers in dialogue. The cycling back and forth produces some really interesting textures. Check it out.